Biodiversity Management Plan

Table of Contents


Executive Summary


Background Information

Research Question







Research Team





























Executive Summary

The Biodiversity Management Plan, Phase I was conducted at the request of the Nature Conservancy Canada (NCC)- Québec Region. It examines both the ecological importance and human aspect of a four-hundred-acre site located within the Ottawa River Valley. The site is considered to be provincially significant habitat and is slated to become a part of a planned four-thousand-acre nature reserve. The project will protect important wetland, forest, and pastoral habitat within the Ottawa River Valley, a primary area of conservation focus for the NCC. Within this paper, the vulnerable, rare, and special concern flora and fauna species present on the site, or potentially able to inhabit the site, are examined in terms of their physical and biological requirements. Threats and disturbances to these target species are determined, and recommendations to minimize these threats are discussed. The human aspect of the site is examined in terms of past, present, and projected land use. Human threats to the flora, fauna, and habitats of the site are noted and recommendations to counteract these threats are discussed. The resources necessary to complete this management plan are discussed, including: extensive literature reviews, site visits, discussions with the client and landowners, and development and application of a management framework.
The NCC project is divided into three phases. This management plan is necessary in order to complete phase one, acquisition of the entire site. Phase two includes preservation and management of the habitats present on the site in order to benefit the vulnerable, rare, and special concern flora and fauna species present, with additional property purchases. Phase three includes the creation of a wildlife corridor between a nearby nature reserve and the Ottawa River, which delineates one boundary of the site.
The site forms an integral part of the larger NCC project because of the diversity of habitats and species present on and utilizing the site, as well as its ideal location as a wildlife corridor. The habitats on the site include grassland, riparian vegetation, forest, and mountainous habitats. In terms of species, 390 flora species and 190 bird species have been inventoried on the site. The landowners have additionally noted numerous amphibians, mammals, and reptiles. On a regional scale, the site is an ideal species dispersal route between the nearby nature reserve and the Ottawa River. In a broader context, the site lies in close proximity to the planned Adirondack to Algonquian Wildlife Corridor, part of the Wildlands Project and the largest wildlife preservation project in eastern North America.
Of the twenty-four species examined in this management plan, seven are determined to be priority species for the NCC based on their presence or ability to inhabit the site, the seriousness and immediacy of the threats facing these species, and the status of these species. Several actions are recommended in order to address the priority species and their required habitats, including: managing the grazing regime of the pasture, managing woody vegetation in both the pasture and forest, managing populations of other species (e.g. invasive and disperser species), purchasing surrounding property, and managing human presence on the site.
Furthermore, we outline a management framework for the site. We recommend that the management option for the site be IUCN Category IV: Species/Habitat Management Area. We recognize that threats must be reduced and habitats must be maintained in order to meet the requirements of the priority flora and fauna species. We recommend that this management be adaptive in order to allow for flexibility in order to deal with uncertainties and possible changes in physical, biological, and human aspects. However, we recognize that within the adaptive management approach, one must set certain limits and recognize that species and habitats need varying time periods to respond and adjust to any implemented actions.


© 2002 McGill Shool of Environment
McGill University
3534 University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7